Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Architecture as a career

Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. The main task of an architect is to keep feasibility, cost to the building as well as the functional and aesthetic aspects of building in mind. While planning a structural design, an architect has to weave interplay of space, volume, light, texture, shadow or abstract elements to achieve pleasing aesthetics. Architecture sector is booming as more and more people are going for individual homes.
A candidate should complete 10 + 2 with Math’s and English (with at least 50%) preferably with a first division. After completing 10+2, the candidate is required to complete the course of B.Arch. (Bachelor of Architecture) which is of 5 years duration in normal course and recognized by Council of Architecture (COA).
Career Prospects
After the completion of the B.Arch. degree, the architect has to register himself with the Council of Architecture (COA), which is mandatory if he wants to carry the profession of architecture independently,  want to take a Govt. job or want to take up teaching job.
After getting himself registered with the Council of Architecture, an architect can apply to Government agencies like Central Public Works Department or CPWD, which recruit architects through a competitive examination conducted by the U.P.S.C. It is a class II job. The person can reach up to the post of ADG (Architecture) by retirement.  

Followings are some of the largest public sector employers in this field:
  • City Development Authorities
  • Departments of Railways
  • Housing and Urban Development Corporation
  • Ministry of Defence
  • National Building Construction Corporation Ltd.
  • National Building Organisation
  • National Institute of Urban Affairs
  • Post and Telegraphs
  • Public Sector Undertakings
  • Public Works Department
  • The Archaeological Department
  • Town and Country Planning Organisation
Some major private players in design and construction sector:
  • Aeons Construction etc.
  • DLF
  • Eros Group
  • Gammon India
  • L & T
  • Sahara

Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Careers in Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering deals with the study of the principles and technology to design, manufacture and maintain highly sophisticated products such as aircraft, missiles and space satellites. Aeronautical Engineering also specializes in the evolution and research of commercial and military aircraft, missiles, spaceships etc.
An aeronautical engineer can specialize in navigational guidance and control systems, structural design, instrumentation and communication or production methods or it can be in a particular product such as passenger planes, military aircraft, helicopters, satellites, rockets etc. An aeronautical engineer may work in areas like design, development, and maintenance as well as in the managerial and teaching posts in institutes. The demand for aeronautical engineers in airlines, aircraft manufacturing units, air turbine production plants is quite high.

The basic eligibility criteria for BE / B.Tech program is 10+2 (with Physics, Chemistry and Maths) or equivalent examination with a fairly high percentage of marks in the aggregate.
For M.Tech program in aeronautical engineering one should have completed degree in (BE/BTech) aeronautical engineering or any other equivalent branches of engineering.

Job Prospects
Good job opportunities are  available with aircraft-manufacturing units. In India, the defence service and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) are two major employment providers. Other than these two, Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd, National Aeronautical Lab, Defence Research and Development Laboratories, Aeronautical Development Establishment, Civil Aviation Department provides good employment opportunities.

List of top institutes in India offering Diploma/BTech/MTech in Aeronautical Engineering
1.  IIT’s
2Punjab Engineering College (Deemed University)
    Sector -12, Chandigarh- 160012
    Phone : 2746074, 2753051
    Fax : 0172-2745175
    Website :

3. MIT Campus, Anna University,
   Chromepet, Chennai 600 044
   Tamil Nadu, India                              
   Phone (Dean) : (91) 44 22232403 22235046(R)
   Website :

4.   Hindustan Institute of Engineering Technology
    Registered & Administrative Office
   P.B.No. 1306, 40, GST Road,
   St. Thomas Mount,
   Chennai (Madras)-600 016, India
   Phone: 91 - 44 - 2234 1389 / 2234 2508 / 2234 0968/ 2234 0980
   Fax: 91 - 44 - 2234 2170

5.   School of Aviation Science and Technology
    Delhi Flying Club,
    New Delhi

6Nehru College of Aeronautics & Applied Science
   451-D, Palakkad main road,
   Kuniamuthur, Coimbatore - 641 008 Tamilnadu
   Phone: (0422) 2251148, 2252562, 2252402
   Fax: 2251147

7. Indian Institute for Aeronautical Engineering & Information Technology
   140/6, Near Warje Chowk, NDA Road,
   Warje Malwadi, Pune-411052
   Telefax: (020) 25292151 / 4197 / 4347
   Mobile: 98220 13633 / 98225 98836
  Website :

8Institute of Aviation Technology
   1265, Sector 6,
   Bahadurgarh -- 124507, (Haryana)

9.   VSM Aerospace
   Chelekere Village (Near Kammanahalli),
   Bangalore - 560008 (Karnataka)
 10. Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering
      179, Kalidas Road
      Dehradun, Uttaranchal, 248001
      Phone: 91-135-2742121
      Fax: 91-135-2742121

11. Hindustan Electronics Academy
     61, Cambridge Road, P.B.No.806, Ulsoor,
     Bangalore - 560008 (Karnataka)

Monday, May 28, 2012

Careers in Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering solve problems relating to sustainable agricultural production. An Agricultural Engineer may perform functions like planning, supervising and managing the building of dairy effluent schemes, drainage, flood and water control systems, irrigation,  perform environmental impact assessments and interpret research results and implement relevant practices.
Some other specialization available to agricultural engineers are system and machinery design; food and bioprocess engineering and structures and environmental science. Agricultural Engineers discover the ways to conserve soil and water and to improve the processing of agricultural products.

A candidate aspiring for admission in agricultural engineering must complete his/her 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and/or Biology.
For in agricultural engineering a person should be graduate (, BE) in same discipline.

Career Prospects
Agricultural Engineering  has excellent career opportunities for engineering graduates in India. Agricultural Engineers can join manufacturing industries and also opt for water resource management, forestry, mining and rehabilitation, food processing, urban and rural development, machine development and many more. Agricultural engineers can also work in NGOs under various schemes and projects.
There are good opportunities in private sector too. Other than this an agricultural engineer can start his own business.
Sectors where agricultural engineers find employment :
Public Sector :
·         Department of Agriculture (State as well as central government)
·         Universities/Institutions/Labs
Private Sector :
·         Agricultural co-operatives
·         Manufacturers of agricultural equipment
·         Fertiliser and irrigation companies
·         Farming companies
·         Industry service organisations such as the sugar industry

Here is a list of agricultural universities in various states which are offering BE/B.Tech and ME/M.Tech programs in agricultural engineering.
·    Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar Hyderabad - 500 030 Andhra Pradesh
·         Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Uttar Pradesh
·         Assam Agricultural University
·         Birsa Agricultural University, Jharkhand
·         Central Agricultural University, Manipur
·         Ch. Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Hisar, Haryana
·   Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh
·   Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agricluture & Technology, Distt Udham Singh Nagar Uttaranchal
·         Gujarat Agricultural Uiversity, Gujarat
·         Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
·         Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Raipur, Madhya Pradesh
·         Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Chhattisgarh
·         Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Krishi Nagar Adhartal, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
·         Kerala Agricultural Univesity, Kerala
·         Maharana Pratap University of Agrilcuture & Technology, Udaipur
·         Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University, Seminary Hills Nagpur Maharashtra
·         Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Distt. Ahmednagar Maharashtra
·         Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani Maharashtra
·         Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Orissa
·         Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana - Punjab
·         Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner
·         Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar
·         Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Uttar Pradesh
·         Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences And Technology, Srinagar
·         Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu
·         Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai
·         University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
·         University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka
·         Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Cooch Behar, West Bengal
·         West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences

Sunday, May 27, 2012

Careers In Arts

Arts is one of the traditional and most popular streams, which offers a plethora of career prospects. The arts stream is broadly categorized into fine arts, humanities, visual arts, and performing arts. Arts encompass literature, history, philosophy, ancient and modern languages, visual and performing arts (including music), law, religion, and several more subjects The capability of good communication, precise writing, and understanding of the subject is always an advantage for individuals who want to make a career in the field of arts.  

Course Details
Most of the subjects of humanities are offered at graduate and postgraduate levels in colleges and universities. One can go for research programs after completing the relevant qualification. Most of the 10+2 students can get admission in arts course, except in some special arts course. A graduate is eligible for applying to postgraduate courses. Other than this certificate, undergraduate diploma, diploma, vocational, job-oriented courses are conducted in some fields related to performing arts at various leading institutes. Students are generally given theoretical knowledge in all arts programs. However, there are many subjects that demand practical exposure as well, such as performing arts.

Career Prospects
With a degree in arts, one can build a career in the following fields - writing, research, teaching, public relations, policy research and analysis, internal communications, program planning, administration, information, and management. Other career options are available in the field of  agriculture, anthropology, archaeology, , journalism,  NGO, geography, industrial relation, liberal arts, library science, philosophy, psychology, research assistance, social work, and many more. Recruitment can be explored in museums, galleries, advertising agencies, schools, magazines, newspapers, and movie studios.

Institutes Offering
Art’s courses are offered in almost all colleges and universities in India. Institutes that offer high quality of academic teaching in different subjects of languages, visual arts, and performing arts are: IASE University, Rajasthan; National Institute of Design and Development, New Delhi; MCM DAV College for Women, Chandigarh; Academy of Bharatanatyam, Bangalore; Government College of Art & Craft, Chandigarh; Adarsh Sangeet Mahavidyalaya, Sagar - Madhya Pradesh; Academy of Arts of India, Chennai; Abhinaya Institute of Dance, Mumbai, Abhinaya Sudha, Chennai, Institute Of Music & Fine Arts, Jammu & Kashmir; Aavirbhaav School of Creative Arts, Ahmedabad, Seth Jaiprakash Mukundlal Women’s Polytechnic, Uttar Pradesh; and all degree colleges affiliated to Delhi University (DU).

Remuneration of arts graduates purely depends upon the nature of the work and the personal talent. The salary package can also vary according to the college/university from where they have graduated. However, in general, arts students can start earning anywhere between Rs. 12,000 - Rs. 15,000 at earlier stages.

Friday, May 25, 2012

Careers in Footwear Design

Footwear is an emerging career in the design industry. As the people are getting more conscious about what they wear, the selection of footwear becomes a status symbol in society. Increase in demand and choice for footwear has led to a spurt in the number of companies, including some international players dealing with footwear production and export trade in India. Footwear is created from various raw materials, such as leather, canvas, plastic, jute, rubber, and cloth as well. The heavy branding and use of sophisticated machinery and skilled manpower has further contributed to the recognition of high-end brands. In short, footwear designing technology, as of today, offers lucrative career options.

Course Details
Graduate, post graduate, certificate, diploma, and some advance courses are offered in footwear design/technology. The minimum qualification for undergraduate diploma or certificate programs in footwear design is 10+2 in any stream. For admission in a post graduate course in footwear design, one must be a graduate in any stream of education. Admission to most of these courses is done through entrance exams. However, footwear technology courses are offered as B.Tech/M.Tech programs, which are open only to science background students.

Career Prospects
Students, who are creative with good aesthetic sense, have a good career options open in the field of design, marketing, and manufacturing of footwear designing. They can join specialist footwear companies, designer labels, sportswear companies, at both junior and executive levels. After gaining adequate experience, one can set up his/her own exclusive footwear label or enter in the market as a footwear line builder, footwear technician, trade analyst, cost analyst, senior production co-coordinator or production manager, etc.

Institutes Offering
Some premier institutions that offer courses in footwear designing are: Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai; National Institutes of Fashion Technology (NIFTs) at New Delhi, Gandhinagar, and Chennai; Footwear Design and Development Institute (FDDI) at Noida and Chennai; Central Footwear Training Centre (CFTC), Chennai; Central Footwear Training Institute, Agra; Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur; Dr. BR Ambedkar Regional Engineering College, Jalandhar; Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology, Muzaffarpur; Government Leather Institute, Agra; AVI School of Fashion & Shoe Technology, Chandigarh; College of Leather Technology, Calcutta; Institute of Government Leather Working School, Mumbai; National Small Industries Corporation Ltd., Chennai.

The initial, starting salary in this field will be somewhere around Rs. 10,000 - 12,000 per month. International players offer higher pay packages to fresher’s which can range between Rs. 15,000 - 20,000 per month. Independent footwear designers can earn revenue depending upon the nature of their assignments.