Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Careers in Journalism

Journalism is a popular career option among the youth who wants to take risk and are willing to work for long hours. Journalism involves collection and dissemination of news through the print media as well as the electronic media. The main areas of journalism are writing, reporting, editing, broadcasting, photographing or cable casting news items.

Journalism can be classified in two streams - (i) Electronic (Audio/Visual) Journalism and (ii) Print Journalism. Electronic journalism includes working for Radio, Television and the Web. Print Journalism includes magazines, newspapers, and journals.

Career in journalism is challenging as well as a highly paid one. Journalist plays a major role in bringing crucial news in front of the country. Journalist brings information about daily happenings in the society. The purpose of journalism is to inform and interpret, educate and enlighten the people.

The opportunities for journalists are endless and as the major media houses are entering in this field, employment opportunities are only increasing. Journalists specialize in diverse areas, such as finance, politics, and economics, culture investigation, and sports for newspapers and periodicals.

Minimum eligibility for Bachelor degree in journalism is 10+2 and for Post graduate degree courses a Bachelor degree in journalism. Some institutes also offer one year certificate courses in journalism for which eligibility is 10+2. There are also courses in specialized areas of journalism like sports, television, photo, press law etc.

Job Prospects
Jobs are available in the following areas for a trained journalist.
Chief Editor/Resident Editor
Sub Editor
News /Feature Editor
Associate Editor
Personal attributes
Correspondent/Special Reporters
Feature writer
Leader Writer
Writing for Multimedia and the Web
Photo Journalist or News Photographer
Fashion Journalist
Cartoonists and illustrators

The minimum salary as per government directive has to be Rs. 5500 to Rs. 9000 for reporters and senior reporters, Rs. 5000 to Rs. 10,500 for the chief reporters and sub-editors, and Rs. 7500 to 12000 for editors. Actual salaries offered depend on the company one is working with, and can be anything from very high to very low.

Top Institutes of Journalism

Rank College Name Placement Rank Faculty-to-student ratio Website
1 Mudra Institute of Communications. Ahmedabad 1 1:09 www.mica.ac.in
2 Asian College of Journalism, Chennai 4 1:12 www.asianmedia.org
3 Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore 5 1:04 www.iijnm.org
4 Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune 7 1:05 www.simc.edu
5 IIMC, New Delhi 3 1:10 www.iimc.nic.in
6 Xavier Institute of Communication, Mumbai 6 1:10 www.xaviercomm.org
7 AJ Kidwai Mass Communication Research, Jamia, New Delhi 2 1:12 www.ajkmcrc.org
8 Manorama School of Communication, Kottayam 8 1:10 www.manoramajschool.com
9 Film and Television Institute of India, Pune 10 1:08 www.ftiindia.com
10 Times School of Journalism, New Delhi 9 1:10 www.tcms.in

1 comment:

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