Wednesday, September 5, 2012

Careers in Agriculture

India is one of the top agricultural products producing country in the globe. Agricultural plays an important role in India’s economy and contributes around 29.4% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). A graduate who specializes in this field is known as agriculturists. The production of fruits, vegetables and food grains depends on agriculture; on the other hand many industries dependent on the agricultural for raw material.

Many opportunities are available today in agriculture such as horticulture, food science, poultry farming, animal science, soil science, dairying and plant science. Presently, poultry farming, dairying and horticulture offers attractive returns.

List of courses available in agriculture science: -

  • Certificate in Agriculture Science    
  • Certificate course in Bio-fertilizer Production    
  • Certificate course in Food & Beverage Service     
  • Diploma in Agriculture    
  • Diploma in Food Processing
  • Diploma Courses in Agriculture and Allied Practices
  • Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
  • Bachelor of Science in Crop Physiology
  • Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Agriculture        
  • Master of Science in Agriculture
  • Master of Science in Agriculture Botany    
  • Master of Science in Biological Sciences
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Fishery Science
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Agriculture    
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Entomology    
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Agriculture Biotechnology


Basic Eligibility

For admission in to bachelor’s degree program, you need to have a 10+2 examination certificate with science subject such as (biology, math and chemistry).  The duration of this course is 3 years.

For pursuing a master’s degree you should have a bachelor's degree with science subjects such as (biology, math and chemistry). The duration for this course is 2 years.


Some of its specialized fields are: -

  • Agriculture Economics
  • Agriculture Entomology
  • Agriculture Genetics
  • Agriculture Microbiology
  • Agronomy
  • Horticulture
  • Horticulture
  • Hydroponics
  • Plant Breeding
  • Soil science and Agri chemistry
  • Weed sciences


Job Prospects

Agriculture deals with the food and related products. Agriculture has lot of potential in terms of career opportunities. With the commercialization of horticulture and agriculture there are wide-ranging opportunities for government jobs as well as private enterprise.

Postgraduate students can work as supervisors, researcher, distributors, and engineer; or they can also start his/her own business.

Agricultural Engineering: This area involves improving of agricultural machineries, soil power, and water conservation, agriculture and farm structures. Many opportunities are available in this area.

Agro-industry: This area involves grain processing, dairy processing, fats and oils, production, meat packing, fibers, pesticides, fertilizer, and food processing. Graduates in this area can work as researcher, sales and promotion, engineers, technologists, scientists, as well as in production.

Agriculture Management: Graduates must have knowledge of agriculture and management fields. They can work in estates and tea gardens.

Corporations: Graduates from in this area can get employment in Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation, State Farm Corporation and National Seed Corporation.

Estates and tea gardens: Many employment opportunities are available to graduates in estates and tea gardens with good remuneration.

Self employment: Graduates with some experience can start his/her own business such as agriculture product shops, agriculture firms and agribase industry.

Services Sector: Graduates from this sector can work as agricultural technicians, veterinarians, graders, agricultural statisticians and agricultural consultants.

Other career options in the field of agriculture and allied practices: -

  • Agri-Business
  • Agricultural Education
  • Agricultural Journalism
  • Agricultural Research
  • Banking
  • Conservation
  • Farming
  • Seri-culture
  • Services in Agriculture

Top Agricultural colleges in India        

  •     Allahabad Agricultural Institute (Uttar Pradesh) 211007
  •     Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110012
  •     Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Lzatnagar (Uttar Pradesh) 243122.
  •     National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (Haryana) 132001
  •     Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Jaiprakash Road, Seven Bungalow, Mumbai (Maharashtra) 400061
  •     Forest Research Institute, PO. New Forest, Dehra Dun-248195.

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