Saturday, September 8, 2012

Careers in Botany

Botany is a science subject and essentially deals with scientific study of plant life and development. The study of botany focuses on the plants along with their structures, growth, use, and process of all forms of plant life-their evolution, ageing, decaying and death.  Botany includes a wide variety of subjects which study algae, fungi, plants, growth, diseases, metabolism and structure between different groups.

The person who does study botany is known as a botanist. The functions of a botanist involves studying plant life as well as finding possible solutions to forestry and agricultural problems.

Botanists deal with agriculture, hydroponics, artificial environments, and various other interesting areas of research. Hence, a career in botany may be challenging as well as highly rewarding.
Some courses offered under Botany: -

  • Bachelor of Science in Botany
  • Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany
  • Master of Science in Botany and Forestry
  • Master of Science in Applied Botany
  • Master of Science in Herbal Science
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Medico botany
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Plant Biodiversity


Basic Eligibility

For admission into bachelor’s degree program a student must pass 10+2 in science stream with biology as the subject and minimum of 50% marks from any recognized board. The duration of the program is of 3 years.
For admission into master’s degree program a student must have a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject. The duration of the program is of 2 years.


Some specializations under Botany: -

  • Agronomy
  • Bryology
  • Cytology
  • Economic botany
  • Ethnobotany
  • Forestry
  • Genetics
  • Horticulture
  • Lichenology
  • Palaeobotany
  • Palynology
  • Phycology
  • Phytochemistry
  • Phytopathology
  • Plant anatomy
  • Plant ecology
  • Plant genetics
  • Plant morphology
  • Plant physiology
  • Plant systematics


Job Prospects

With a bachelor’s degree in botany, an individual can work as a biological technician, whereas a post graduate in botany can go for research work in variety of bio companies.  

One can also join any reputed organization as conservationists, plant explorers, environment consultants, horticulturist, ecologists, plant biochemist, nursery manager, genetics, taxonomist, plant pathologist, molecular biologist, environmental consultant and farming consultant.

Few job titles: -

  • Administrators
  • Ecologist
  • Forester
  • Fruit Growers
  • Mycologist
  • Plant Biochemist
  • Researchers

Few job sectors: -

  • Arboretum
  • Biological Supply Houses
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Chemical Industry
  • Educational Institutions
  • Food Companies
  • Forest Services
  • Land Management Agencies
  • National Parks
  • Oil Industry
  • Plant Health Inspection Services
  • Plant Resources Laboratory
  • Seed And Nursery Companies

Pay package: -

Remuneration in the field of Botany is high. Teachers, researchers and others can expect a starting salary from Rs 15000 to Rs 20000 per month. One can expect more with the experience and higher qualification.

Top colleges
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • St Xavier's College, Kolkata
  • St Xaviers College, Ahmedabad
  • St Stephens College, Delhi
  • University Enclave, Delhi
  • St Xavier's College, Mumbai
  • Madras Christian College (MCC), Chennai
  • Madras Christian College
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Presidency College, Kolkata
  • Fergusson College

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